Comcast Hit with $2 Million Fine for False Billing

The FCC’s Enforcement Bureau yesterday announced that Comcast will pay a $2.3 million fine to resolve an investigation into whether the company wrongfully charged cable TV customers for services and equipment that those customers never authorized. The fine is the largest the agency has ever issued against a cable company.

The Commission received numerous complaints from consumers alleging that Comcast added charges to their bills for unordered services or products, such as premium channels, set-top boxes, or digital video recorders (DVRs). In some complaints, subscribers claimed that they were billed despite specifically declining service or equipment upgrades offered by Comcast. In others, customers claimed that they had no knowledge of the unauthorized charges until they received unordered equipment in the mail, obtained notifications of unrequested account changes by email, or conducted a review of their monthly bills.

Consumers described expending significant time and energy to attempt to remove the unauthorized charges from their bills and obtain refunds. Sound familiar? In response to these complaints, the FCC undertook an investigation of the company.

The FCC described the settlement as follows: “Under the terms of the today’s settlement, Comcast will pay the largest civil penalty assessed from a cable operator by the FCC and implement a five-year compliance plan. Specifically, Comcast will adopt processes and procedures designed to obtain affirmative informed consent from customers prior to charging them for any new services or equipment.”

Under the agreement, Comcast will be required to:

• Send customers an order confirmation separate from any other bill, “clearly and conspicuously” describing newly added products and their associated charges
• Offer to customers, at no cost, the ability to block the addition of new services or equipment to their accounts
• Implement a detailed program for redressing disputed charges in a standardized and expedient fashion and limit adverse action (such as referring an account to collections or suspending service) while a disputed charge is being investigated

The Communications Act and the FCC’s rules prohibit a cable provider from charging its subscribers for services or equipment they did not affirmatively request, a practice known as “negative option billing.” Negative option billing burdens customers with the responsibility of contacting a cable company to dispute the charges and obtain refunds. The Communications Act and the FCC’s rules prohibit a similar practice by telecommunications carriers when unauthorized charges are placed on customers’ phone bills, an abuse known as “cramming.”

“It is basic that a cable bill should include charges only for services and equipment ordered by the customer—nothing more and nothing less,” said Travis LeBlanc, chief of the Enforcement Bureau. “We expect all cable and phone companies to take responsibility for the accuracy of their bills and to ensure their customers have authorized any charges.”

The Consent Decree is available at