How to Connect a Blu-ray Player

If you want the best possible video and audio experience in your home theater, there is no better source than Blu-ray Discs—in fact, nothing else equals the super-sharp video and awesome audio you get from Blu-ray. But I get many questions about how to connect a Blu-ray player for optimum performance, so I thought I'd spell it out here. (Don't be intimidated by the diagram above; it shows lots of possible connections between lots of home-theater devices. This article covers only the connections between the Blu-ray player in the center, A/V receiver on the left, and TV at the top.)

The best way to connect a Blu-ray player to the rest of your system is also the simplest—a single HDMI cable from the player's HDMI output to one of the HDMI inputs on you're A/V receiver or preamp/processor. (Of course, you'll also connect the HDMI output from the AVR or pre/pro to the TV.) If you don't have an AVR or pre/pro, you can connect the player's HDMI output directly to the TV, but you won't hear the full benefit of Blu-ray's lossless audio formats, which are called DTS-HD Master Audio and Dolby TrueHD. You won't even hear surround sound, only 2-channel audio from the TV's typically lousy internal speakers.

I'm often asked if expensive HDMI cables are worth the investment. In my opinion, generally not, especially if the cable length is relatively short—say, under 6 feet. If you must use an HDMI cable longer than that, spending more on a high-grade cable might avoid things like flashing points of light in the image known as "sparklies." Most recommendations for the maximum HDMI cable length are 15 to 20 feet, but some manufacturers claim their cables will work just fine with longer lengths, and we've used 25-foot Monster cables successfully. If you must run a very long cable, you'll need to invest in a system that converts HDMI to coax cable or optical fiber and back to HDMI at the other end.

If you have a 3D-capable Blu-ray player, AVR or pre/pro, and TV, the HDMI connection is exactly the same as described above. But if the AVR or pre/pro is not 3D-capable—that is, it can't pass 3D signals from the player to the TV—you'll have to connect the player's HDMI output directly to the TV's HDMI input if you want to watch 3D content.

What about the audio in that case? A few higher-end Blu-ray players have two HDMI outputs for just such a situation—one is connected to the TV and the other is connected to the AVR or pre/pro, which decodes the audio. For players with one HDMI output, the best solution is a device called an HDMI splitter, which accepts one HDMI input and splits it to two outputs, one of which goes to the TV while the other goes to the AVR or pre/pro. But be careful—some splitters, especially older models, won't pass 3D signals. We've also seen splitters that pass video consistently but not audio.

Interestingly, some audiophiles insist that a coaxial digital-audio connection, which uses an RCA connector color-coded orange, provides better sound for 2-channel music from CDs than HDMI. They also claim that coax sounds better than an optical digital-audio connection for reasons too technical to get into here.

If you use the same player for video and CD playback, you can test this for yourself. Connect the HDMI and coax outputs from the player to your AVR or pre/pro, assign them to different inputs, and compare them to your heart's content. (Most players send a signal from their HDMI and digital-audio outputs simultaneously, but some don't, making instantaneous comparison impossible.) In most systems, chances are that you won't hear a difference, but if you do, use the connection that sounds better to you. In any event, be sure to use HDMI for Blu-ray so you can hear the high-resolution lossless audio formats.

Component Video & Digital Audio
If your AVR, pre/pro, and/or TV have no HDMI inputs, the next-best video connection is called component, which consists of three RCA connectors color-coded red, green, and blue. Older Blu-ray players can send high-definition video signals at 1080i, which isn't as good as the 1080p you'll get with HDMI, but it's better than no HD at all.

Unfortunately, most players made in 2011 and later cannot send high-def signals of any kind from their component-video outputs, only standard-def 480i. This was mandated to plug the so-called "analog hole" that allows pirates to make copies of HD content using this connection. (As Matthew Moskovciak points out in his cnet blog, this does nothing to stop piracy, since you can easily rip Blu-rays digitally.) And starting in 2014, Blu-ray players are mandated to omit component-video outputs altogether, though some manufacturers are starting to do this already.

If you have a 2011 or later Blu-ray player, there's no point using the component output—upgrade your other equipment so you can use HDMI. If you have an older Blu-ray player, you can connect its component-video output to the AVR or pre/pro or directly to the TV itself.

A component-video connection carries no audio, so you'll need to connect the player's coaxial or optical digital audio output to the AVR or pre/pro. In this case, you'll hear surround sound in the older Dolby Digital or DTS formats, both of which are "lossy," which means they discard lots of the audio information and therefore do not sound as good as Dolby TrueHD or DTS-HD Master Audio.

If you have no AVR or pre/pro and must connect directly to the TV, you'll have to use the player's 2-channel analog-audio outputs, which are RCA connectors color-coded red and white. No TV we've seen has a digital-audio input. In this case, you'll hear 2-channel audio from the TV's cheesy speakers.

Multichannel Analog Audio
Some players—usually higher-end models—have a multichannel analog-audio output with six or eight RCA connectors that provide 5.1 or 7.1 surround sound. If you have such a player and an AVR or pre/pro with a corresponding input, you can connect the player's multichannel analog output to it. In this case, the player decodes the audio, including DTS-HD Master Audio and Dolby TrueHD in their full glory.

You can use the multichannel analog output instead of the coax or optical digital-audio output in conjunction with the component-video output, and depending on your system, you'll probably hear better sound quality. Some audiophiles actually prefer this type of connection even over HDMI audio. However, the multichannel analog input on many AVRs and pre/pros bypasses all processing, including things like bass management, which lets you redirect the low frequencies to the subwoofer. Some players perform some of these functions, but their setup options are typically much more limited than those in a good AVR or pre/pro. Also, this connection requires six or eight separate cables, which is cumbersome.

Most modern Blu-ray players provide the ability to stream content from the Internet. To do this, you need to connect the player's Ethernet port to your home-network router. Alternatively, some players offer WiFi capabilities as well, either built-in or by using an optional dongle connected to the Ethernet port.

You should now be able to select the best type of connection from your Blu-ray player to the rest of your system. All that's left is to enjoy the pristine picture and superb sound that Blu-ray offers modern home-theater owners.

MatthewWeflen's picture

It's time to let go of that DVD/VCR, people.

Wii, too. :)

aidoroboo's picture

VCR/DVD players have got to go (along with that CRT). Plus all your tapes are probably crunchy anyway.

Keep your actual DVDs though some films still aren't on BD.

-1 on the Wii. Personally I think my Wii looks great on my plasma. Even though the signal is only 480p the video is clean.

aidoroboo's picture

I have an older entry level AVR that has 5.1 analog inputs and my BD player decodes HD audio. So it's possible that my AVR sounds better (depending on the amp section) than some newer AVRs with HDMI/decoding, right?

Scott Wilkinson's picture
I haven't heard much difference in audio quality between decoders in players vs. AVRs, especially with lossless formats. The amp section is a more important factor in audio-quality differences.
thrillcat's picture

An over-the-air HD signal received via an antenna is still a much higher quality video signal than Bluray, though it won't offer the more advanced surround sound (past DD5.1).

MatthewWeflen's picture

I tend to disagree, and I speak from extensive experience. I cut the cable a few years back, and my primary HD sources are OTA broadcasts and Blu-Ray. I live in the city limits of Chicago, about 8 miles from the broadcast towers. The best prime-time signals (in 1080i, not progressive) look close, but all (and I mean ALL) networks compress their programming to conserve bandwidth for SAP, program info, additional channels along the same signal, etc. It will only show up in static color fields (dark areas especially), but the compression of non-moving areas of the signal is there. It is not there on a well mastered Blu-Ray.

I don't know about the theoretical throughput of an OTA signal. But in practice, BD is nearly always stabler, higher quality, less compressed, and has better audio, subtitles, and extra features to boot.

thrillcat's picture

It has the capability, it really does depend on how your local affiliates are handling it.

Just a hop to the west, here in Iowa, the affiliates are all bypassing their buildings completely during network primetime, just passing the signal straight from the network out to the towers, then bring it back in for commercials and other dayparts.

The signal quality (again, video only) can beat a bluray during primetime. Once the signal goes through all the local affiliate's hardware and cable paths, it will be degraded, as is obvious during the weather/breaking news crawls. The signal drops dramatically just before the graphics begin. Perhaps your local affiliates are running it through their control rooms 24/7 to run self-promotion, etc.

Scott Wilkinson's picture
I would not call OTA "a much higher quality video signal than Blu-ray." As pointed out elsewhere in these comments, OTA is 1080i (with much of this content undergoing 3:2 pulldown) or 720p, whereas Blu-ray is 1080p, with movies at 24 frames per second, so there's no possibility of deinterlacing artifacts. Also, all OTA HD is more heavily compressed than Blu-ray (max 19.2 Mbps vs. 40 Mbps for video). I do agree that OTA HD looks better than most cable and satellite signals, but Blu-ray beats it handily as far as I'm concerned.
MatthewWeflen's picture

Indeed, looking at any movie (for example, The Ten Commandments) sent over broadcast vs. its BD equivalent should be very instructive. That's if you can find one that a broadcaster hasn't mangled by changing the OAR. Broadcast is usually (but not always) better than many cable signals, but doesn't hold a candle to Blu-Ray.

aljosc's picture

Hello there since we are on the topic, I currently have an Oppo BDP-83 and connected via HDMI to my Onkyo TX-NR906 AVR, is the AVR doing the decoding of both audio/video?

How can I make the Oppo do the decoding for audio, video or audio/video? Which one is the best to decode the signal?

If I will choose the multicahannel analog input 7.1, will the sound be lossy or lossless (HD)? Thank you.

Scott Wilkinson's picture
The Oppo (and any Blu-ray player) always decodes the video. As for the audio, open the Audio Format Setup menu and look at the HDMI Audio parameter. If it's set to LPCM, the player is decoding the audio; if it's set to Bitstream, the Onkyo is decoding the audio.

Which is better? I don't think it makes much difference, but it's easy to decide that for yourself. Set the HDMI Audio parameter to LPCM and listen to something with familiar audio, then set it to Bitstream and listen to the same audio. Do you hear a difference? If so, which sounds better to you?

If you use the multichannel analog output, the player decodes the audio, and the audio will be lossy or lossless depending on which audio track you select on the disc. If you select Dolby TrueHD or DTS-HD Master Audio, the audio will be lossless; if you select any other audio format, it will be lossy.

aljosc's picture

I guess that also answered my question whether to connect the HDMI to the TV if I wanted the player decode the video signal.

If I set it to LPCM, the AVR will display the Multichannel format instead of the Dolby TrueHD or DTS-HD Master Audio right?
Thank you, Scott.

Scott Wilkinson's picture
If you set the player to output LPCM via HDMI, the AVR will probably display "PCM" or some such; if you use the multichannel analog connection, it will probably display "Multichannel," but I'm not sure exactly what the Onkyo will display under various circumstances.
Gloria's picture

I hope so...
Is it possible to connect a new Blu Ray player up using an old AV receiver without HDMI? I cannot figure out why I'm not getting sound and am wondering if this is the culprit.
Current set up is Blu Ray to television via HDMI cable (the player says only one HDMI cable needed - not separate cables for audio and video). Television is connected via component cable to AV receiver. No sound. Would like to avoid having to purchase a new AV receiver, but am wondering if that's my only option... Thank you.

Debbie's picture

I'm in the same situation as Gloria. I have a new blu-ray player that I'm trying to connect to an older receiver. The blu-ray is connected to the TV via HDMI, but the receiver doesn't have an HDMI port, so I connected the receiver to the blu-ray with a digital audio coax cable. I've tried making every adjustment I can think of on the settings, but I don't get any sound! Does anyone have any suggestions? I really don't want to have to buy a new receiver!

Raphael's picture

The contemporary way to fix the problem where you guys are not getting sound is to make sure to connect the HDMI cable to the ports on both the TV and the AVR that read "ARC". That is a port that can not only transmit the video and audio to the TV but also transmit it back to the AVR... BUT, if you don't have an HDMI input port on the AVR you can also use the trick I used: My TV has an "audio out" port. I connected THAT to the audio in in my AVR and presto! It all works. Even OTA programs I watch on my TV have their audio go down to the AVR, and there is no loss of surround technologies at all. Anyways, just my two cents. Be well, R.

eternalife's picture

Hi guys, in this article, it says that if your blu ray player has only one HDMI output, then the best option is to buy an hdmi splitter; and then one hdmi cable goes to tv, other to receiver.

But why not just do this (assuming ofcourse that your receiver has an HDMI output):
Blu-ray -> Amplifier with HDMI cable
Amplifier -> TV with HDMI cable

WHy bother buying a splitter??

Sooty's picture

Hi people,

Please can somebody tell me if I can use my player via the tv instead of the speakers and how I go about doing it